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中国丝绸之路战略的机遇与挑战

2014-11-03 22:26:29BY:guoyan
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6yue22ri,di38jieshijieyichandahuipizhuntongguo“sichouzhilu:qishiduanhetianshanlangdaodeluwang”shijieyichanminglushenqingbaogao。zheibiaozhizhezhongguoyujierjisisitan、hasakesitanlianhetijiaodezheiyiwenhuayichanxiangmuzhengshilierushijieyichanminglu。

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“丝绸之路”是合作新范式

“houweijishidai”,shijiejingjizengzhangtaishihejiegouriqufenhua,nanbeichajuchengxianfuhuoqingxiang。zaicibeijingxia,meiguoyoukaishituijinkuataipingyanghedaxiyangdequyujingjizhenghe,shituzhudao21shijiquanqiujingjixinzhixu,shideshijiejingjigejuzailinnanbeifenyefengxian。mianduixinxingshi,zhongguodadantichu“sichouzhilu”xingouxiang,zhuzhangdatongluhaizhanlvetongdao,tongguoshitixiangmudeshishi,tuijinquyujichusheshi、jichuchanyehejichushichangdexingcheng,cujinguangfandehulianhutong,tuijinmaoyitouziziyouhuahebianlihua,conggenbenshangsuoxiaojingjifazhanchaju,jiuzhengshijiejingjifazhanbupingheng,xingchenglequanxindeguojijingjihezuoxinsiwei,yebijiangquelifuheshijiejingjifazhanduoyangxingdehezuoxinfanshi。

shangshiji90niandai,lengzhanjieshu,dongxiliangdaduilidezhenyingwajie,hubuwanglaideliangdapingxingshichangdatong,shijiejingjiyinglailequanqiuhuahediquhuabingxingfazhandexinjumian。zaishijiejingjizhixushang,“guanmaozongxieding”jizhifazhancheng“shijiemaoyizuzhi”tizhi,tongshi,“shuangbianziyoumaoyixieding”he“zhubianziyoumaoyiqu”kuaisujiecheng,guojijingjihezuozaibutongcengmianshangquanmianzhankai,jidadicujinlexinxingjingjitidekuaisufazhan,shideshijiejingjizongliangbeizeng,“nanbeichaju”dengfazhanbupinghengwentideyihuanjie。yucitongshi,meiouridengfadaguojialiyongquanqiuhuahexinxijishudegaosufazhan,zaiquanqiufanweineidagao“jinrongziyouhua”,tuijin“chanyezibenzhuyi”xiang“jinrongzibenzhuyi”dezhuangui,xujilejuliangdezichanpaomo,yinfalequanqiuxingjinrongweiji,jidadipohuailelengzhanjieshuhoushijiejingjidefazhantiaojian。

duici,fadaguojiaweilezhongzhengyouliyuziwodeshijiejingjizhixu,buduantuichuxintifa、xingongju,shituduixinxingjingjitizhankai“xinxingshidezongxiangzhenghe”,yiquebaoqi“wukeganchao”dediwei,shinanbeichajugudinghua。qizuichangyongdeshoufa,jiushiyimaoyitouziziyouhuaweimingyide“zimaoxieding”(fta)、guizhixinxingjingjitifazhande“huobanguanxixieding”(epa),yijidanxiangyueshuhoufazhanzhongguojiadetpp。zaizheixiejizhizhong,fadaguojiatongchangyijianrangguanshuiweiyouer,fujiaposhiduifangkaifangshichangde“touziguize”、yueshuchanyefazhande“chanyebiaozhun”、gudingjishuchajude“zhishichanquanbaohu”,shenzhifujia“minzhu、renquan”dengpushijiazhi,shituyi“shiqiandeguiyue”tuijin“jizhijianshe”he“quyuhezuo”,qishizhishiduihoufazhanguojiashishi“yueshuheguanli”。meiguonuobeierjingjixuejiangdezhukelugemanhesidigelicibuyueertongdizhichu“tppbuguoshigeyueshujizhi,erbushicujinziyouhuadekuangjia”。

zhongguotichude“sichouzhilu”gouxiang,zeyizhoubian、diqujingjishehuifazhanxuyaoweiqianti,tongguoshitijichusheshihezuojianshe,gongtonggoujianchanyefazhantiaojian,zaihezuozhongcujinxianghutouzi、chanyeronghe、maoyibianli,yindizhiyi,yijushiji,gongtongxingchengyouliyugongtongfazhandemaoyitouzinaizhirenyuan、xinxihezijinyidongdexinguize。zheijiushiwomenzhuzhangderencaiwuhulianhutong,jidaoluliantong、chanyehutong、renxinxiangtong、zhengcefalvzhiduxiangrongxiangtong。

面临诸多挑战

jiyu“sichouzhilu”gouxiangdejingjiwaijiaolinian,zhuzhangkaifang、baorong、pingdeng、hezuo,zhuiqiugongtongliyi,shixianhuligongying。sichouzhiluwaijiaodezhankai,yeshibenzhediquliyiyouxian,hulihezuoweibendeyuanze,youqizhuzhongxianyouquyuhezuojizhideyouxiaoliyong,zaishenhuahezuodejichushang,tuijinhulianhutong。“sichouzhilu”hezuotiaojiandewanshanyukuoda,chengwei“sichouzhiluwaijiao”derenwu。ruhegoujianhewanshanxiangtongxiangrongdezhengcefalvzhidu,quebaogefangzaihulianhutongzhongdexianshiliyi,zechengwei“sichouzhiluwaijiao”deguanjian。ergoujiankegongdiquguangfanliyongderongzitiaojian,gengshi“sichouzhiluwaijiao”conggouxiangdaoxianshidekaoyan。yazhoukaifayinxingyuce,dao2020nianyazhoudiqujichusheshijiansheguimojiangda8wanyimeiyuan,rongziwentijiangchengweidiquhulianhutongdezhongdapingjing。jinguan1997nianyilaiyazhoudiquchuxuzengjia,waihuichubeikuoda,danjinrongshichangbingweiwanshan,daxiangmurongzitiaojianshangweichengshu。erzuoweidiquweiyidediquxingkaifayinxing,yazhoukaifayinxingdezibenherongziedujiweiyouxian,wufamanzupangdadejichusheshijianshexuqiu。jinhou,ruhetuijindiqurongzidejinrongjizhiheshichangjianshe,jiangchengwei“sichouzhiluwaijiao”detiaozhanxingrenwu。zheikeguanshangdui“sichouzhiluwaijiao”tichulequanxindeyaoqiu,jiyaowanshan“fazhiwaijiao”、“guizewaijiao”he“jinrongwaijiao”,tishengzhoubianwaijiaoshangxintaijie。

惠及地区各方

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